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What Is The Smallest Country In The World?

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Jason Schwarzmann Profile
The Vatican City is the world's smallest country (sometimes known as Vatican City State), with a tiny total area of just 110 acres, or just over 0.2 square miles. The population is around 800 people strong, although none of those are permanent residents of the city.

In Italian, the country is known as Stato della Città del Vaticano, which litterally translates to State of the Vatican City, and the landlocked sovereign state lies within a walled enclave in the city of Rome, Italy's capital.

It was established in 1929 by the Lateran Treaty, which was signed by Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Gasparri on behalf of the Holy See and by then Prime Minister Benito Mussolini on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy. However, Vatican City is distinct from the Holy See, which dates back to the early eras of Christianity and is seen as the main episcopal see of approximately 1.2 billion Latin and Eastern Catholic followers around the world.

Other distinctions lie in the fact that official ordinances of Vatican City are issued in Italian, whereas official documentation of the Holy City is usually published in the more traditional Latin format. The two entities also have distinctly different passports: The Holy See offering only service and diplomatic passports as it is not technically a country, while the Vatican issues standard 'normal' passports. However, in either case very few passports are ever issued in the first place.

When established in 1929, the Lateran Treaty spoke of the city as a new creation, and not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States the previously encompassed much of Italy. Most of this previously encompassed territory was absorbed into the Kingdom of Italy around the time of 1860, and the final piece of the puzzle (the city of Rome with Lazio) was absorbed ten years later in 1870.

Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal monarchical state, overseen by the Bishop of Rome - the Pope. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergymen of various national origins. It is the location of the Pope's residence, which is officially termed as the Apostolic Palace.

Popes have generally resided within the same area that was eventually recognized as a sovereign state in 1929 became Vatican City, but they have also resided in the Quirinal Palace in Rome and elsewhere at times.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The smallest country in the world is the Vatican City, which is a tiny area of just 0.2 sq miles, within the city of Rome in Italy.

The Vatican City, which is also known as the Holy See, is the central spiritual place for Roman Catholics and where the Pope resides.

It is a place steeped in history, with amazing architecture and art work amongst the many buildings. Many people flock to the Vatican to get a glimpse of this intriguing place, which is surrounded by the city of Rome.
Akshay Kalbag Profile
Akshay Kalbag answered
The smallest country in the world, in terms of area, is the Vatican City, a tiny microstate within the Italian capital of Rome. This is the spiritual centre of the Roman Catholic community of the world. It has a population of 770 people and is 0.2 square miles in area. None of the people who reside in the Vatican City, which surrounds St. Peter's Basilica, are either natives or permanent residents of the Vatican City.

The other countries that cover areas of less than 200 square miles are Monaco (0.7 square miles, with a population of 32, 000), Nauru (8.5 square miles, with a population of 13, 000), Tuvalu (9 square miles, with a population of 12, 000), San Marino (24 square miles, with a population of 29, 000), Liechtenstein (62 square miles, with a population of 34, 000), the Marshall Islands (70 square miles, with a population of 58, 000), Saint Kitts and Nevis (104 square miles, with a population of 39, 000), Seychelles (107 square miles, with a population of 81, 000), the Maldives (115 square miles, with a population of 340, 000), Malta (122 square miles, with a population of 400, 000), Grenada (133 square miles, with a population of 90, 000), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (150 square miles, with a population of 117, 000), Barbados (166 square miles, with a population of 280, 000), Antigua and Barbuda (171 square miles, with a population of 69, 000), Andorra (180 square miles, with a population of 70, 000) and Palau (191 square miles, with a population of 20, 000).
Laurie Hall Profile
Laurie Hall answered

The size of a golf course, the Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. It's basically a walled enclave inside of Rome, Italy. It's so small that the entire country does not have a single street address.

Rajesh Shri Profile
Rajesh Shri answered
The smallest country in terms of size as well as population is Vatican City situated within the city of Rome in Italy; it is a sovereign city-state governed by the Pope. The entire state covers an area of 108.7 acres with a land boundary of 3.2 km; the population is 783 persons. The city-state came in to being in 1929 by way of the Lateran Treaty signed between Pope Pius XI and the King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III. The present Head of State is Pope Benedict XVI.

In 1870 after the unification of Italy the Papal States including Rome the residence of the Popes since ancient times was incorporated in the Kingdom of Italy; Pope Pius IX protested against this action and withdrew in to the Vatican. It was finally in 1929 after the signing of the Lateran Treaty that the Pope was officially declared as the head of government of Vatican City.

Lily James Profile
Lily James answered
Vatican city is the world's smallest city in terms of area. It is only 0.2 square miles and has a population of 770 only. None of the residents are permanent by the way.

The country surrounds St. Peter Basilica which is a spiritual center for Roman Catholics.

Vatican city is also known as the Holy Sea and it is surrounded by Rome, Italy.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Vatican city is the smallest country in the world
Amman Aamir Profile
Amman Aamir answered
When we say "country", we usually mean an independent state that has a distinct territory and its own government,The world's smallest independent state is Vatican City. It lies in the midst or Rome, Italy and has a total area of only 0-17 square miles! It is the place of government of the Catholic Church.

The Pope, the head of Vatican City, rules through a civil governor. Vatican City has its own flag, post office, railway station, and money. It also has a telephone system and radio broadcasting station. Support comes chiefly from contributions made by Catholics throughout the world.

Within Vatican City there is the Vatican Palace (the Pope's residence), the gardens, and the large St. Peter's Basilica. In the Palace are art museums and libraries. The Vatican Library, in a separate wing, is one of the greatest in the world.Vatican City has diplomatic relations with other countries and receives representatives from many nations.

Over the years, political control was gained by the popes over a large territory in central Italy. In 1859, this land, called the "Papal States", covered about 16,000 square miles.
In 1870, Rome was made the national capital of Italy. Against the objections of the Pope, the Papal States were made part of the kingdom of Italy.In 1929, an agreement was reached between the Pope and the Italian government and the Vatican City was set up.
Vikash Swaroop Profile
Vikash Swaroop answered
Vatican City is the smallest country in the world. The area of the country is only 44 hectares and is called a microstate. The country is an enclave that is completely walled and situated in the city of Rome, Italy. The population of the city is 783 and in terms of population the rank of the city is 229th. The currency that is in use in the country is Euro.
The country was founded in 1929 through a Lateran Treaty and it was a vestige of quite larger former Papal States. Although, the governance of the city is in the hands of Bishop of Rome, the government of the city is a monarchy. Sometimes it is also referred as ecclesiastical and the functionaries are certainly clergymen.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Use are all wrong, there is a country that is so small only about 80 people live there and I can't remember the name of it.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
It is so because its population is low but the area covered is as big as a country!!!

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