Elements of purpose in tourism?


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Shane Richardson Profile
There are three main elements of purpose in travel and tourism; leisure, recreational and business. These three umbrella terms can then be further sub categorized to include a huge number of reasons for travel.

The primary three categories are quite self explanatory, however these will be explained below with some examples of the possible subcategory to fall within them.

  • Leisure
This is possibly one of the most popular reasons for travel, both within the home country (domestic tourism) as well as abroad (outbound tourism).

Basically speaking, leisure tourism is the traveling to a destination solely for the purpose of sightseeing, relaxing or for leisure. Usually to be defined as a leisure tourism you would have to travel away from your home area and go for longer than a day.

Some examples of leisure tourism would include visiting friends and relatives (VFR) and beach holidays. Other types of holidays and trips taken through your choice could also be included in this category but may also fall under the recreational category; as the two are very closely linked.

  • Recreational
As mentioned above, the boundaries between recreational tourism and leisure tourism are fairly blurred. This is due to the fact that many holidays that come under the recreational term could also fall under the leisure term and vice versa.

Recreational tourism tends to focus more on tourism that is due in part to some kind of leisure activity or hobby. There are all sorts of holidays which could come into this category such as photography, walking, skiing, diving, visiting historic monuments and shopping to name a few.

  • Business
Again, this is quite self-explanatory; basically business tourism is any overnight or longer travel away from your own area for the purpose of business.

Those involved in business travel probably do not view themselves as a tourist, however, those involved in their stay probably do. The hotel that they stay in will treat them as a visitor; giving them equal service to the rest of their clientele.

Reasons for this type of travel could include attending a business meeting, research trips and going to exhibitions to name a few.

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